Socio-cultural milieu of rural women in non-formal sector and maternal healthcare utilization in Nigeria

OLUMIDE ABRAHAM AJAYI Skyline University, Nigeria
Abstract
This study focuses on socio-cultural milieu of rural women in non-formal sector and maternal healthcare utilization in Nigeria. The objectives of the study is to identify socio-cultural factors that influence maternal healthcare utilization among rural women in selected villages, assess the frequency of maternal healthcare utilization among rural women in selected villages; and examine the impact of non-formal sector work on women’s utilization of maternal healthcare. The study population consist of rural women in non-formal sector selected from five different villages in Kwara state, Nigeria.  Copies of questionnaire were administered to respondents to elicit information from them. Data generated were analyzed using frequency table, percentage and Pearson correlation coefficient. The result of the study shows that nature of work, level education and religious belief among others influence maternal healthcare utilization among rural women in non-formal sector, the study also shows a low frequency of maternal healthcare utilization as 44% of the respondents do not access maternal healthcare while 40% of them utilize maternal healthcare trimonthly. In addition, 54.7% of the respondents noted that the impact non-formal work on maternal healthcare utilization is high. A correlation coefficient result of r = -0.0819 indicates an association between women’s nature of work in non-formal sector and frequency of maternal healthcare utilization while a correlation coefficient of r = 0.000 shows no association between women’s tribal affiliation and preference for home delivery. The study recommends the need for greater awareness among rural women in non-formal sector on the importance of maternal healthcare.

Keywords: Socio-cultural milieu, Rural, Women, Non-formal sector, Maternal healthcare

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Notes on contributors
Dr. OLUMIDE ABRAHAM AJAYI bagged a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) degree in Sociology from University of Ilorin, Nigeria. He also holds a Postgraduate Diploma in Education (PGDE). Dr. Ajayi is a member of Nigerian Institute of Management (MNIM) and a Trained Knowledge Development Facilitator. He has over 12 years’ experience in academic research, teaching, mentorship and administration. His publications cut across Industrial Sociology, Organizational Behavior and Medical Sociology among others.
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