Knowledge Update

When we read newspapers, magazines, listen to Radio or watch T.V. This would be called ‘Mass Communication’ meaning ‘as the message is reached to the masses through different media. Mass communication is, therefore, the term used to describe the academic study of various means by which individuals and entities relay information to large segments of the population all at once through mass media.


Mitochondrial respiration is an ancient characteristic of eukaryotes. However, it was lost independently in multiple eukaryotic lineages as part of adaptations to an anaerobic lifestyle. An international team of researchers has found a multicellular animal with no mitochondrial DNA, making it the only known animal to exist without the need to breathe oxygen. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences [1], the group describes their study of Henneguya salminicola, a microscopic, parasitic member of the group Myxozoa and its unique physiology.

The DNA sequence analysis contains various techniques and methods to identify the different features, functionalities, forms and structures of the DNA genomic elements. Several methods like sequence alignments[1], biological data searches and analytical methods[1] were used to generate the sequence analysis.

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