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Overcoming barriers and promoting gender equality in the field of technology

Overcoming barriers and promoting gender equality in the field of technology


Gender equality in technology has long been an issue, with women historically underrepresented and facing numerous barriers. However, the landscape is gradually changing thanks to the concerted efforts of individuals, organizations, and movements dedicated to promoting inclusion and diversity in tech.

Pioneering women in technology

Despite significant challenges, many women have made groundbreaking contributions to technology. Ada Lovelace, often considered the first computer programmer, wrote the first algorithm intended for implementation on Charles Babbage’s early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. Grace Hopper, a computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral, was a pioneer in developing computer technology. She invented one of the first compiler-related tools and was instrumental in the development of COBOL, one of the earliest high-level programming languages.

Radia Perlman, known as the “Mother of the Internet,” invented the spanning-tree protocol (STP), which is fundamental to the operation of network bridges. Hedy Lamarr, a glamorous Hollywood actress and ingenious inventor, developed frequency-hopping spread spectrum technology, which is a foundation of modern Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Katherine Johnson, a mathematician whose calculations of orbital mechanics were critical to the success of the first and subsequent U.S. manned spaceflights, made pivotal contributions at NASA during the Space Race.

These pioneering women have helped shape the technological world we live in today.

Barriers to gender equality in technology

  1. Cultural and Societal Norms: Stereotypes about gender roles often discourage girls from pursuing STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education and careers.
  2. Workplace Discrimination: Women in tech often face bias in hiring, promotions, and pay. They may also encounter a lack of mentorship and support.
  3. Lack of Representation: The scarcity of female role models in technology can discourage young women from entering the field.
  4. Work-Life Balance Challenges: The demanding nature of tech jobs, coupled with societal expectations around family and caregiving, can make it difficult for women to balance their careers and personal lives.

Promoting gender quality in technology

To overcome these barriers and promote gender equality in technology, a multi-faceted approach is needed:

  1. Encouraging STEM Education for Girls: Initiatives that promote STEM education among young girls, such as coding boot camps, robotics clubs, and science fairs, can help spark interest and build skills early on.
  2. Creating Inclusive Work Environments: Companies should implement policies that promote diversity and inclusion, such as bias training, equitable hiring practices, and mentorship programs.
  3. Supporting Work-Life Balance: Offering flexible work arrangements, parental leave, and childcare support can help women balance their careers and personal lives more effectively.
  4. Highlighting Female Role Models: Celebrating the achievements of women in technology can inspire the next generation. This includes recognizing their contributions through awards, media coverage, and speaking opportunities.
  5. Advocacy and Policy Change: Advocacy for policies that support gender equality, such as equal pay legislation and anti-discrimination laws, is crucial for systemic change.

The road ahead

Achieving gender equality in technology fields is a complex challenge that requires ongoing effort and commitment. By addressing the barriers women face and implementing strategies to promote inclusion and diversity, the technology industry can become a more equitable and innovative space. The contributions of pioneering women in technology serve as a testament to what can be achieved when barriers are broken down and opportunities are opened up to all.

The fight for gender equality in tech is far from over. But with ongoing efforts to dismantle barriers and celebrate female accomplishments, the future of technology is poised to be brighter and more inclusive than ever.

By celebrating the past, addressing the present, and looking towards the future, we can continue to make strides towards gender equality in technology.

Further reading

For those interested in learning more about the women who have shaped the technology industry and the ongoing efforts to promote gender equality, consider exploring the following resources:

  • Books: “Broad Band: The Untold Story of the Women Who Made the Internet” by Claire L. Evans, “Hidden Figures” by Margot Lee Shetterly.
  • Organizations: Girls Who Code, Women in Technology International (WITI),
  • Online Platforms:, She++, TechWomen.

Ms. Hamdi Liwaul Labaran is a highly motivated Computer Science professional with a Master’s degree in Computer Science (specialization: Machine Learning), and a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, complemented by International Certifications in network and computer security. 

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